Eesti mõisad
 Gutshöfe Estlands
 Viron Kartanot
Estonian Manors
Medieval Fortified Manors
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  Medieval fortified

  Medieval wooden

  Old Baltic style



  Late baroque /
  early classicism



  Art Nouveau

  Heimat style


  Various meanings
  of manor

  Types of manors

  Manor complex

Estonian manors
At the end of the Middle Ages, there were around five hundred manors in Estonia. About a hundred of them were built as stone fortresses. Fortified manors (vassals’ strongholds) varied from small tower-fortresses (Vao, Kiiu) to larger buildings (Angerja, Järve) and big ensembles with courtyards (Kalvi, Virtsu).

One of the best preserved Medieval fortress-manors in Estonia is the Vao tower-fortress in Virumaa. It has preserved its full Medieval form. Kiiu and Purtse and a large part of the Järve fortress-manor have also been preserved and restored. Several Medieval fortress-manors have been partly preserved in fragments inside later manor houses (Kiltsi manor in Virumaa, Kiltsi manor in Läänemaa, Kasti in Läänemaa, Maidla in Juuru parish in Harjumaa, Kose-Uuemõisa in Harjumaa, Albu in Järvamaa and others).


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